научная статья по теме CONTENTS NO. 10 (538), OCTOBER 2014 Комплексное изучение отдельных стран и регионов

Текст научной статьи на тему «CONTENTS NO. 10 (538), OCTOBER 2014»

USA * Canada

ECONOMICS - POLITICS - CULTURE

Published by the Institute of USA and Canada Studies Russian Academy of Sciences 2/3 Khlebny per., Moscow, Russia,

121814

MONTHLY JOURNAL Acting Editor-in-Chief Vladimir A. Spichkin

CONTENTS No. 10 (538), October 2014

Essays

Kremenyuk V.A. Cold War: How It Was and How It Ended__________________________________3

25 years ago in December 1989 there was Soviet-U.S. summit meeting on the island of Malta. The Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and U.S. President George Bush-Sr. met to discuss the urgent world affairs and both made historical statements on the end of the Cold War. No doubt this was an extraordinary event of an outstanding importance for the whole world. Keywords: Cold War, conflict, arms race, conflict settlement, negotiation, conflict/cooperation.

Leksyutina Ya.V. Obama's "Return to Asia" Strategy:

Five Years of Its Implementation________________________________________________________________________17

The article summarizes the results of the five years of the Obama "return to Asia" policy. It reveals the causes that led Washington to rebalancing its foreign policy focus to the Asia-Pacific region, identifies the characteristic features of the new U.S. strategy in the Asia-Pacific region aiming to spread its economic, political and military influence in this area. Keywords: "return to Asia" strategy, Obama's policy in the Asia-Pacific region, "pivot to Asia", Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), Comprehensive Regional Economic Partnership (CREP), U.S.-China relations.

Israelian E.V. Humanism and Rationality in Canadian Foreign Policy__________________35

The article analyses opportunities and constrains for combining humanist intentions and national interests of the states. Canadian experiences confirm that promotion of humanitarian principles to the foreign policy agenda is a complicated and contradictory process, closely associated with economic, political, military and cultural dimensions of the international relations. Keywords: humanitarian issues, humanism, national interests, national values, Canada, human rights, international assistance, humanitarian interventions.

Voiodin D.A. U.S. Military Priorities in the Arctic______________________________________________47

The article studies principal directions of U.S. military policy in the Arctic. Main attention is devoted to such issues as: missile defense, role of Alaska, system of command, shortage of icebreakers, regional military cooperation. Keywords: missile defense, U.S. military policy, Arctic, Alaska, icebreakers.

Economic Survey

Evdokimova T.V. Changing Role of the Financial Sector

in the U.S. Economy: from Intermediation to Dominance..................................65

Analyzing different aspects of the U.S. financial sector activity in the second half of the 20th and the early 21st centuries the author shows that many structural changes in this sector no longer fulfill an important intermediary function enjoying instead the dominant position in many social and economic processes. Keywords: financial sector, credit, mortgage, securitization, asset management industry, speculative trading.

Opinion

Kustanovich K.V. Asymmetry in the Mutual Perception

of the U.S. by Russians and of Russia by Americans ________________________________________81

The author contends that while in the Soviet Union and in post-Soviet Russia people had a deep and sometimes even emotional interest in American culture and the American people, in the U.S. interest for Russia was but a reflection of the political situation in the relationship between these countries. According to the author, this asymmetry can be explained by the difference between collectivist (Russia) and individualist (USA) nature of cultures. The article also provides characteristics of American patriotism and exceptionalism. Keywords: culture, collectivism, individualism, myth, rationalism, patriotism, exceptionalism.

Culture

Pereverzeva M.V. Improvisation in U.S. Music_____________________________________________________91

Variational and improvisational kinds of music were characteristic for both West and East cultures when composing wasn't separated from performing. In old days inventing function belonged rather to interpreter then to composer but the importance of improvisation played a key role till the middle of the18th century. Than it gradually went down so composer's and performer's authorities were entirely separated to the end of the century. However it got a wide and many-sided development in the USA of the 20th century. Keywords: music, improvisation, happening, aleatory, concert.

Background Material

Tochenaya A.O. Chinese Diaspora in the U.S.A.__________________________________________________103

The article examines the emergence and the current state of the Chinese diaspora in the USA - a powerful tool for lobbying pro-Chinees interests. It helped to maintain the positive dynamics of the American-Chinese relations, to smooth contradictions. Keywords: American-Chinese relations, the Chinese diaspora, the China lobby, ethnic lobby, foreign policy of the PRC.

U.S. States

Nebraska (NE)___________________________________________________________________________________________________117

Book Review

New Publications:_____________________________________________________________________________________________125

Eu.A. ROGOVSKY. CIBER-WASHINGTON: GLOBAL AMBITIONS.

Mezhdunarodnie otnoshenia, 2014. 848 p.

Технический редактор O.H. Никитина Компьютерная вёрстка: Т.В. Лунёва, H.A. Счётчикова Сдано в набор 16.08.2014. Подписано к печати 06.09.2014. Дата выхода в свет 21.10.2014. Формат 70x100 1/16. Печать цифровая. Усл. печ. л. 10,4. Усл. кр.-отт. 2,3 тыс.

Уч.-изд. л. 12,4._Бум, л. 4,0. Тираж 211 экз._Заказ 556._Цена свободная.

Учредители: Российская академия наук, Институт США и Канады Журнал издаётся под руководством

_Отделения глобальных проблем и международных отношений РАЛ_

Издатель: Российская академия наук. Издательство «Наука»

11Т99Т, Москва, Профсоюзная, 90 Адрес редакции: 121814, ГСП-2 Москва, Хлебный пер., 2/3. S (495) 691-11-83. E-mail: USA-Canada@mail.ru Отпечатано в «Типография "Наука"», 121099, Москва, Шубинский пер., 6.

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