научная статья по теме CONTENTS NO. 6 (534), JUNE 2014 Комплексное изучение отдельных стран и регионов

Текст научной статьи на тему «CONTENTS NO. 6 (534), JUNE 2014»

USA * Canada

ECONOMICS - POLITICS - CULTURE

Published by the Institute of USA and Canada Studies Russian Academy of Sciences 2/3 Khlebny per., Moscow, Russia,

121814

MONTHLY JOURNAL Acting Editor-in-Chief Vladimir A. Spichkin

CONTENTS No. 6 (534), June 2014

Essays

Supyan V.B. The U.S. Economy: Trends and Challenges of Current Decade....... 3

The article analyses the social and economic situation in the USA after 2008-2009 cyclical recession. Besides considering consequences of recent financial crises the author pays a special attention to analyses of long-term economic and social challenges facing the U.S. economy and society. Keywords: 2008-2009 recession, GDP, economic growth, unemployment, housing market, national debt, federal budget, social security, health insurance, immigration, scientific potential.

Pechurov S.L. On Armed Forces Reforming After the Cold War:

The U.S. Government Views Evolution................................................................ 19

The article traces the positions of the American political and military establishment after the cold war on the trends of future shape of the U.S. Armed Forces. Keywords: armed forces, military reforms, American government, the Congress, Administration of the President, military budget, defense transformation.

Marusenko M.A. Language Imperialism of the USA in the World....................... 31

The article addresses the consequences of the policy of language imperialism conducted by the USA and its English-speaking allies and its impact on the functioning and status of the official languages in mono-national and multinational countries. Keywords: linguistic imperialism, imperialist discourse, globalization, hegemony of English, multilinguism, marginalization of national languages, domain loss, multicul-turalism, criticism of multiculturalism.

Economic Survey

Мanakhova I.V. Credit Model of Consumption of American Households ............ 45

The article deals with the features of credit model of consumption, considering debt dynamics, the state of assets and liabilities of American households after the global economic crisis. The factors changing consumer behavior are analyzed, and it is proved that methods of credit limit consumption patterns. Keywords: credit model of consumption, income, savings, debt, balance sheet, economic prosperity, deleveraging.

Russian Americans

Khisamutdinova N.V. Russian Engineering Society in the USA.......................... 61

The article describes the Russian Engineering Society of Los Angeles, one of the most prominent public organizations founded by the Russians in America. Based on numerous examples of the Society's activity during the fifty years of its existence the contribution of Russian engineers into the U.S. industry, science, machinery, charity, education and other fields has been analyzed. Keywords: Russian Engineering Society of Los Angeles, Russian engineers in the USA, immigration into the USA, P.P. Gudkoff Fund, Russian American Cultural Society.

Culture

Shchukina T.A. Cirque du Soleil: the Great Project

of the Canadian Guy Laliberte ........................................................................ 71

The article is devoted to the success phenomenon of the Canadian company Cirque du Soleil which is one of the most spectacular projects in world entertainment industry in last decades. Special attention is paid to the figure of its founder Guy Laliberte who could create from a small Canadian company the world entertainment empire as well as effective and socially motivated transnational corporation. Keywords: Canadian cirque, Cirque du Soleil, Guy Laliberte, "One Drop" Foundation.

Khaiiiov V.M. Presentation of Russia and Russians in Today U.S. Cinema..... 79

This study examines current portrayal of Russia and her natives in American entertainment industry in the context of today's socio-political issues in the U.S.-Russia relations. Keywords: film studies, U.S. TV and Movie industry, U.S. culture, sociopolitical sciences.

Reader's Deliberation

Sokolov V.A. The USA and "The Iron Lady": on U.S. Exceptionalism................87

The author of the article finds amazing parallels in the book by Margaret Thatcher with the U.S. President Obama recent observations on American exceptionalism, qualified by the President of Russia Vladimir Putin as "extremely dangerous".

Agriculture

Zhiganova L.P. Monsanto. The Leader of Agricultural Biotechnology................ 93

The article analyses the activities of Monsanto (USA). The main trends of its work in seeds and genomics segments are described. Perspectives of genomics are considered. Keywords: genome, biotechnology, biotech crops, genetically engineered methods, genomics.

Background Material

Tsvetkova N.A., Shiryaev B.A., Stadnik I.T. U.S. and USSR Policy

towards the Kabul University during the Cold War Period...............................109

The article reviews both American and Soviet reforms at Kabul University (Afghanistan) during the period of the Cold War. Both superpowers established new departments, revised administrative management, introduced new disciplines, and rewrote textbooks according to their divergent ideologies and political culture. However, the Afghan professors and students restrained both americanization and sovietization of the Kabul University. Source materials of the study include newly declassified U.S. archival records as well as the related archives of the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation. Keywords: Kabul University, Afghanistan, the United States, the Soviet Union, public diplomacy, Cold War.

U.S. States

Michigan (MI).......................................................................................................119

Технический редактор O.H. Никитина Компьютерная вёрстка: Т.В. Лунёва, Н.А. Счётчикова Сдано в набор 16.04.2013. Подписано к печати 06.05.2014. Дата выхода в свет 21.06.2014. Формат 70x100 1/16. Печать цифровая. Усл. печ. л. 10,4. Усл. кр.-отт. 2,4 тыс.

_Уч.-изд. л. 12,4._Бум, л. 4,0. Тираж 249 экз._Заказ 196._Цена свободная._

Учредители: Российская академия наук, Институт США и Канады Журнал издаётся под руководством

_Отделения глобальных проблем и международных отношений РАЛ_

Издатель: Российская академия наук. Издательство «Наука»

11Т99Т, Москва, Профсоюзная, 90 Адрес редакции: 121814, ГСП-2 Москва, Хлебный пер., 2/3. S (495) 691-11-83. E-mail: USA-Canada@mail.ru Отпечатано в «Типография "Наука"», 121099, Москва, Шубинский пер., 6.

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