Архив научных статейиз журнала «Нефтяное хозяйство»
ДИВЕРСИФИКАЦИЯ БИЗНЕСА НЕФТЕГАЗОДОБЫВАЮЩИХ ПРЕДПРИЯТИЙ НА ЗАКЛЮЧИТЕЛЬНОЙ СТАДИИ РАЗРАБОТКИ МЕСТОРОЖДЕНИЙ
АНТОНИАДИ Д.Г., ДОЛГОВ С.В., ЗАПОРОЖЕЦ Е.П. — 2015 г.
The paper presents the main problems of oil and gas production associated with exploitation of deposits in the final stages of development. The costs of preparing the oil, water and gas are analizied. Offers on business diversification are given.
ДОЛОМИТОВЫЕ КОЛЛЕКТОРЫ БАШКИРСКОГО ЯРУСА ЮЖНОГО СКЛОНА ЮЖНО-ТАТАРСКОГО СВОДА
ЕСКИН А.А., КАЛЬЧЕВА А.В., КОРОЛЕВ Э.А., НУРГАЛИЕВА Н.Г., СМЕЛКОВ В.М. — 2015 г.
The southern slope of South-Tatarian Arc contains a lot of oil deposits in the Upper Paleozoic including old deposits in the Devonian and the Lower Carboniferous rocks and new deposits in the Middle Carboniferous rocks, especially, the deposits in the carbonate rocks within the Bashkirian stage. This carbonate object is considered as one of the perspective among the Middle Carboniferous rocks to prospect and develop on investigated area. Core investigations allowed to reveal that the most part of the best reservoir carbonate rocks was found in the zones of the dolomite mineralization. Three-six intervals of higher reservoir rocks properties were established in the sections of the Bashkirian stage. It was observed the decreasing trend in the dolomite mineralization from the center to the periphery of anticline traps. Two crystalline types (cellular and blastogene) of dolomite rocks were revealed.
ЗАБЫТЫЕ ИМЕНА НЕФТЯНИКОВ. ПРОФЕССОР Г.Л. СТАДНИКОВ - ИССЛЕДОВАТЕЛЬ КАУСТОБИОЛИТОВ. ЖИЗНЬ ДО ГУЛАГА (К 135-ЛЕТИЮ СО ДНЯ РОЖДЕНИЯ)
ЕВДОШЕНКО Ю.В. — 2015 г.
ЗАДАЧИ БАССЕЙНОВОГО МОДЕЛИРОВАНИЯ НА РАЗНЫХ ЭТАПАХ ГЕОЛОГО-РАЗВЕДОЧНЫХ РАБОТ
КЕРИМОВ В.Ю., ЛАВРЕНОВА Е.А., МУСТАЕВ Р.Н., СЕНИН Б.В. — 2015 г.
Article is devoted to the use of basin modeling, which is increasingly used in conducting geological exploration for oil and gas in Russia. Basin modeling should be performed in all stages of exploration work, with each stage of this work correspond to their tasks. Regional stage comprises the steps of prediction and evaluation of oil and gas bearing zones of oil and gas. On search and evaluation stage become objects of study areas with established or possible oil and gas content, as well as prepared traps and open fields. The exploration stage studies industrial fields, clarifies their structure and reserves. Effective geological exploration process is a process cycle where the economy plays an important role - assessment of profitability of the whole project.
ЗАКОНОМЕРНОСТИ ИЗМЕНЕНИЯ ДАВЛЕНИЯ В НЕФТЕПРОВОДАХ ПРИ ОСТАНОВКАХ НАСОСНЫХ АГРЕГАТОВ
ГРИГОРСКИЙ С.Я., СЕРЕДЮК М.Д. — 2015 г.
There is made a mathematical modeling of unsteady hydrodynamic processes in pipelines using the software package OLGA7. There are made the laws of pressure change in the main oil pipeline during transitional processes caused by cessations of pumping units. There are offered analytical dependences for the damping coefficient of the pressure wave in the pipeline for the cases of cessation of one, two and three sequentially operating pumps in a pumping station. Comparison of simulation results of pressure on the proposed formulas with the data of industrial experiments indicates the reliability of dependencies and their possible use for predicting the parameters of transients in oil pipelines.
ИДЕНТИФИКАЦИЯ СЛАБО ВЫРАБОТАННЫХ ЗОН НА МЕСТОРОЖДЕНИЯХ С ТРУДНОИЗВЛЕКАЕМЫМИ ЗАПАСАМИ
ГИМАЛЕТДИНОВ Р.А., МЕЗИКОВ С.Е., ХАМИТОВ А.Т., ХАТМУЛЛИН И.Ф., ХАТМУЛЛИНА Е.И. — 2015 г.
The paper describes the automated technique for identification of under recovered zones with high production potential, if proper field management activities were provided (e.g. sidetracking operations). Presented method is based on the fuzzy description of the current recovery distribution incorporating different decision making criteria to elaborate better field management strategies. For this end fuzzy-criteria based procedure is developed to provide the determination of most perspective zones with high movable residuals, but poor recovery. The practical aspects of the technique application are discussed using the actual results of sidetracking planning.
ИЗМЕНЕНИЕ СВОЙСТВ И СОСТАВА СВЕРХВЯЗКИХ НЕФТЕЙ ПРИ РЕАЛИЗАЦИИ ТЕХНОЛОГИИ ПАРОГРАВИТАЦИОННОГО ВОЗДЕЙСТВИЯ В ПРОЦЕССЕ РАЗРАБОТКИ АШАЛЬЧИНСКОГО МЕСТОРОЖДЕНИЯ
АМЕРХАНОВ М.И., ХАНИПОВА Ю.В., ХИСАМОВ Р.С. — 2015 г.
PAO Tatneft has been producing heavy oil from the Ashalchinskoye field using steam-assisted gravity drainage method since 2006. Over the past years, an extensive bulk of data about properties and composition of heavy oil has been acquired. The paper presents results of statistical analysis of heavy oil parameters values.
ИЗУЧЕНИЕ МЕЖДУНАРОДНОГО ОПЫТА СОЗДАНИЯ ПОЛИГОНОВ ДЛЯ ИСПЫТАНИЙ ТЕХНИКИ И ТЕХНОЛОГИЙ, ПРИМЕНЯЕМЫХ В ТЭК
АНДРЕЕВА Н.Н., ВАЛИУЛЛИН И.М. — 2015 г.
Over recent decades oil&gas technologies developed rapidly in the world due to the availability of a wide network of testing facilities. These testing sites are used to perform various tests of instruments and well survey techniques, metering devices and vessels, which are required to meet the demands of the Fuel & Energy Sector. They are also used to test technologies of well drilling, extraction of hard-to-recover oil reserves, water-gas stimulation of formation, formation hydraulic fracturing etc. The test results form the basis of new national standards and technical procedures further used in the real operational environment. The article describes and analyses operation of testing facilities in the USA, Norway and Holland.
ИМПОРТОЗАМЕЩЕНИЕ - НЕ ЦЕЛЬ, А РЕЗУЛЬТАТ
ИНГИБИРУЮЩИЕ БУРОВЫЕ РАСТВОРЫ И УСТОЙЧИВОСТЬ ГЛИНИСТЫХ ПОРОД
ГАЙДАРОВ А.М., ГАЙДАРОВ М.М.-Р., НОРОВ А.Д., ХУББАТОВ А.А. — 2015 г.
The article considers inhibiting properties of drilling muds and stability of walls of wells. Traditionally used inhibiting drilling muds at well drilling in thicknesses of swelling clay rocks do not reduce operating time of excess mud volumes and do not provide stabilization well bore. For the first time, it is offered, the developed drilling muds stabilized cationic the polymers, not having analogs, one of which updating has successfully passed trade tests on well of No. 939 Astrakhan gas-condensate field.
ИНИЦИИРОВАНИЕ ВНУТРИПЛАСТОВОГО ГОРЕНИЯ В НИЗКОПРОНИЦАЕМЫХ КАРБОНАТНЫХ КОЛЛЕКТОРАХ
ЗАЦЕПИН В.В., УШАКОВА А.С. — 2015 г.
This paper describes results of laboratory tests of oil kinetics of oxidation and self-ignition oxidation process. The function between reservoir temperature and time period of oil self-ignition oxidation is presented.
ИНТЕГРИРОВАННАЯ ЧИСЛЕННО-АНАЛИТИЧЕСКАЯ МОДЕЛЬ «СКВАЖИНА + ПЛАСТ» ДЛЯ РЕШЕНИЯ ПРЯМОЙ И ОБРАТНОЙ ЗАДАЧ ПРИТОКА К СКВАЖИНЕ
АНДЖУКАЕВ Ц.В., МАРГАРИТ А.С., ПУСТОВСКИХ А.А., СИТНИКОВ А.Н. — 2015 г.
The paper describes integrated semi-analytical model for solving the direct and inverse problem of well inflow. The methodological substantiation of implemented algorithms, field of application and results of test calculations are presented.
ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЕ ГЕОИНФОРМАЦИОННЫХ СИСТЕМ И ТЕХНОЛОГИЙ ВИЗУАЛИЗАЦИИ ПРОСТРАНСТВЕННЫХ ДАННЫХ ПРИ РАЗРАБОТКЕ ШЕЛЬФОВЫХ ПРОЕКТОВ
МЕЩЕРЯКОВ А.В., ПОЗДНЯКОВ А.П., РАКУНОВ С.В. — 2015 г.
The article discusses a modern enterprise geographic information systems and how they are created. This article is a review of the efficient decision making support information system that uses digital maps of shelf projects. The system was created for the employees of a large Russian oil and gas company to deal with comprehensive data on prospective shelf projects shown on electronic maps.
ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЕ ГИДРОДИНАМИЧЕСКИХ МОДЕЛЕЙ В ЗАДАЧАХ ОПРЕДЕЛЕНИЯ УТЕЧЕК ИЗ НЕФТЕПРОДУКТОПРОВОДОВ
МАМОНОВА Т.Е. — 2015 г.
Hydrodynamic models for research of the processes of pressure change in the pipes leak are presented. Formulas obtained on the basis of solutions of hydrodynamic models to define the leaks parameters from pipelines are studied. The estimation of the error of pipeline leak detection based on an error of pressure sensors using the program MatLab 7.9 is shown.
ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЕ НЕСТАЦИОНАРНОЙ ТЕРМОМЕТРИИ ДЛЯ ДИАГНОСТИКИ СОСТОЯНИЯ СКВАЖИН
АЗИЗОВ Ф.Ф., АХМЕТОВ К.Р., ВАЛИУЛЛИН Р.А., ЗАКИРОВ М.Ф., ФЕДОТОВ В.Я., ШАРАФУТДИНОВ Р.Ф., ШАРИПОВ А.М. — 2015 г.
Thermal processes, occurring in the well during column induction heating, are studied. The data, obtained in the course of theoretical and laboratory experiments, are considered. Results of testing the method of active thermometry in the conditions of fields of the Ural-Volga and the Surgut regions are analyzed. The efficiency of the thermal tags application at defining cross flows behind casing from the top, wells outputs and injectivities, during the study of multi layered objects and marginal wells, is shown.
ИССЛЕДОВАНИЕ АДСОРБЦИОННЫХ ПРОЦЕССОВ С ПОМОЩЬЮ АТОМНО-СИЛОВОЙ МИКРОСКОПИИ НА ОБРАЗЦАХ ТЕРРИГЕННОЙ ПОРОДЫ ЗАПАДНО-САЛЫМСКОГО МЕСТОРОЖДЕНИЯ
АХАТОВ И.Ш., ЗАМУЛА Ю.С., КОВАЛЕВА Л.А., КОЛЬЦОВ И.Н., МАВЛЕТОВ М.В. — 2015 г.
The purpose of the experimental study is to estimate the thickness of the adsorbed surfactant layer on substrates of different mineral composition using AFM. Two series of experimental studies were set to study the adsorption of surfactant using AFM: 1) formation of surfactant aggregates due to adsorption from solution on a clean substrate, and 2) creating a residual oil layer on a substrate and washing it off using a surfactant. The substrates were selected: natural core and also mica and glass, as they are part of the real oil-bearing core. Both series used the same surfactant in two different concentrations (0.7 and 2.1%). For determination the thickness of the complex constructed adsorbed layer, filled with uniform and non-uniform layers of surfactant molecules a new technique was developed. The essence of this technique is a "scratching" the adsorption layer with subsequent extraction of sectional profile of obtained scan.
ИССЛЕДОВАНИЕ ВЛИЯНИЯ ОСНОВНЫХ ТЕХНИКО-ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИХ ПАРАМЕТРОВ НА РАБОТУ СКВАЖИН ПЕРИОДИЧЕСКОГО ГАЗЛИФТА
ВЕЛИЕВ М.М., НГУЕН КУОК ЗУНГ, ТЫ ТХАНЬ НГИА — 2015 г.
Reviewed the physical model of the intermittent gaslift which is differ in lift design, lift dimensions, deviation angles, tubing materials. Used a variety of working agents: oil, water. Tested at various flow regimes. Analyzed liquid and gas plugs movement in the lift. Researched and found dependencies between the total produced volume in one cycle and injected gas volume required. Identified the performance of the intermittent gaslift (optimal and maximum), maximum production with a specific flow rate.
ИССЛЕДОВАНИЕ ВЛИЯНИЯ СООТНОШЕНИЯ КОМПОНЕНТОВ С ЦЕЛЬЮ ПОЛУЧЕНИЯ ЭЛАСТИЧНОЙ ПОЛИМЕРНОЙ ТЕПЛОИЗОЛЯЦИИ С ОПТИМАЛЬНЫМИ ТЕПЛОФИЗИЧЕСКИМИ И МЕХАНИЧЕСКИМИ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКАМИ
БЕЛЯЕВА Е.В., ЛАПИН Е.Е., ЛЕВИТИН С.В., ЛОГИНОВА Н.А., РЫЖЕНКОВ А.В. — 2015 г.
Syntactic foams made on the basis of silicone rubber and microspheres are promising insulating coating processing equipment and pipelines in the oil industry. The advantage of these constructions is high thermal and mechanical properties while retaining the flexibility and elasticity of the insulation in the temperature range up to 300°C. Analysis of the rheological curves (dependence of dynamic viscosity versus shear rate) of the test mixtures produced using a rotational viscometer, allowed to evaluate the effect of chemical composition rubber in determining the critical degree of filling of the system, to determine the phase transition when the flow system at various concentrations of the components. The studies concluded that the creation of syntactic foams as thermal insulation materials for field pipelines, heating systems is the most promising for use as a binder of silicone elastomer (rubber) and a glass filler microspheres in the ratio 1:2-1:3.
ИССЛЕДОВАНИЕ ВОЗДЕЙСТВИЯ КИСЛОТОГЕНЕРИРУЮЩЕГО СОСТАВА НА КЕРНЫ ПРОДУКТИВНЫХ ОТЛОЖЕНИЙ КУЮМБИНСКОГО ЛИЦЕНЗИОННОГО УЧАСТКА
АМИРОВ А.М., ГЛАДКИХ Е.А., ЗАХАРЯН А.Г., КОЛЕСОВ В.А., ХАРРИС Р., ХИЖНЯК Г.П., ЧИКИН А.Е. — 2015 г.
The results of laboratory tests on the effect of the acid-generating composition, developed by the Cleansorb Ltd. Company, on the cores of the productive deposits of the Kuyumbinskiy license area are considered. The porous fractured type of reservoir is represented by five groups of the dolomites of different lithologic types, porous type - by dolomitized aleurolites. The time of the acidic composition generation, its solvency and time of holding in the core are determined. The result of the acid-generating composition effect on the dolomites of porous fractured type became an increase in opening and volume of fractures, porosity, permeability.
ИССЛЕДОВАНИЕ ДИНАМИКИ ГИДРАТАЦИИ И РАЗРАБОТКА СОСТАВОВ РАСШИРЯЮЩИХ ДОБАВОК К ТАМПОНАЖНЫМ РАСТВОРАМ
ВОТИНОВ М.В., КУНИЦКИХ А.А., ЧЕРНЫШОВ С.Е. — 2015 г.
The expanding processes of cement slurries are considered and the assessment the dynamics of expansion is made. Results of researches of dynamics and value of expansion of the main types of the expanding additives to cement slurries for casing of oil and gas wells are presented. The analysis of various types of the expanding additives with adjustable dynamics of expansion is made and recommendations for application of expanding additives are given.