Архив научных статейиз журнала «Российская археология»
ЗАМЕТКИ О БАКТРИЙСКОЙ КЕРАМИКЕ (К ВОПРОСУ О ДАТИРОВКЕ ЛИТЕЙНОЙ ФОРМЫ БРОНЗОВОГО КОТЛА ИЗ ХРАМА ОКСА, ТАХТИ-САНГИН)
БОЛЕЛОВ С.Б. — 2014 г.
The article considers a ceramics complex which was found in the settlement Takhti-Sangin together with a unique clay cast for moulding bronze cauldrons. The researches have dated the complex back to the first half of the 2 nd century BC. However, as the detailed analysis of the vessels’ fragments from the complex shows, it is not simultaneous. On the whole, on the basis of numerous analogues it can be dated in the frames of the 3 rd century BC - the first quarter of the 2 nd century AD. As ceramics, the same as the cast form was found in the trash layers, such a diverse in time ceramic complex cannot be a basis for more precise dating of a cauldron casting.
И.В. ФЕДЮНИН. ПАЛЕОЛИТ И МЕЗОЛИТ ЮЖНОГО ПОДОНЬЯ. ВОРОНЕЖ, 2010
БЕССУДНОВ А.А. — 2014 г.
ИГОРЬ СЕРГЕЕВИЧ КАМЕНЕЦКИЙ
ГЕЙ А.Н., СОРОКИНА И.А. — 2014 г.
ИГРАЛЬНАЯ (ГАДАЛЬНАЯ) КОСТЬ ИЗ ГУЛЮКОВСКОЙ III СТОЯНКИ В НИЖНЕМ ПРИКАМЬЕ
ЧИЖЕВСКИЙ А.А. — 2014 г.
The article considers the dice found at the multilayer Gylyuk 3 site and the data on the similar finds (early - late Bronze Age). The analogues have allowed identifying the find with the objects of the Srubna culture-historical community and dating it back to the 17 th-15 th cc. BC.
ИССЛЕДОВАНИЕ КУРГАНА 2 МОГИЛЬНИКА ФИЛИППОВКА 2
РУКАВИШНИКОВА И.В., ЯБЛОНСКИЙ Л.Т. — 2014 г.
The article is devoted to the publication of one of the big barrows of the burial Filippovka 2, situated at the distance of the 13 km from the burial Filippovka 1 in the Southern Ural. A range of the analogues in materials is discovered allowing synchronizing these sites. The analysis of the publishing materials gives the opportunity to reconstruct the necropolis of the early herdsmen, being formed gradually during the century, from the end of the 5 th till the end of the 4 th centuries BC. In closed assemblages different objects and herdsmen weapon were documented in situ.
ИСТОРИЯ БАШКИРСКОГО НАРОДА В СЕМИ ТОМАХ. ТОМ II. УФА: ГИЛЕМ, 2012
ВАСИЛЬЕВ Д.В., ИВАНОВ В.А., КОРЕНЯКО В.А. — 2014 г.
К 100-ЛЕТИЮ БОРИСА АЛЕКСАНДРОВИЧА КОЛЧИНА
ГАЙДУКОВ П.Г., ЗАВЬЯЛОВ В.Ю. — 2014 г.
10 июня 2014 г. исполнилось 100 лет со дня рождения Бориса Александровича Колчина. В историю отечественной археологии он вошел как выдающийся исследователь новгородских древностей и основатель нового направления - применения естественно-научных методов в изучении археологических материалов. Попытки использовать методы физики и химии при анализе древних предметов предпринимались со второй половины XIX в. Но именно Б.А. Колчин обосновал необходимость изучения больших серий вещей и интерпретации полученных данных с исторической точки зрения. Он полагал, что для археолога важно знать не только, как и из какого материала изготовлен предмет, но, главным образом, какие исторические процессы скрываются за его производством.
К 110-ЛЕТИЮ СО ДНЯ РОЖДЕНИЯ Е.И. КРУПНОВА
МУНЧАЕВ Р.М. — 2014 г.
К 75-ЛЕТИЮ АНАТОЛИЯ ДМИТРИЕВИЧА ПРЯХИНА
ТРОПИН Н.А. — 2014 г.
К ВОПРОСУ О НАЗНАЧЕНИИ ПРИВРАТНЫХ СВЯТИЛИЩ В ГРЕЧЕСКОЙ РИТУАЛЬНОЙ ПРАКТИКЕ IV-III ВВ. ДО Н.Э. (ПО МАТЕРИАЛАМ ГОРОДИЩА "ЧАЙКА" В КРЫМУ
ПОПОВА Е.А. — 2014 г.
This article is the publication of the materials of the excavations of the Crimean archaeological expedition of the Moscow State University. These are two places at the north and south entrances to the Greek settlement of the second half of the 4 th - the first half of the 3 rd cc. B.C. with stone altars that allows to identify them as sanctuaries possessed a protective power. The examples of Greek gods with such power are given. Heracles is considered to be the guardian of the settlement "Chajka". Здание III в. до н.э. Рис. 1. План греческого поселения на городище "Чайка".
К ВОПРОСУ О ТЕХНИКО-ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИХ ОСОБЕННОСТЯХ ПЕТРОГЛИФОВ ПЕГТЫМЕЛЯ
ДЭВЛЕТ Е.Г. — 2014 г.
Petroglyphs of the northernmost in Asia rock art site were created on the Kaikuul Bluff which stretches along the Pegtymel river some 40-50 km from the coast of the East Siberian Sea. Numerous petroglyphs are located on sandstone vertical cliffs, on separate stones and in a small shelter. The vast majority were pecked, there were also figures with the elements of abrasion and engraving. The field research in 2000-s by the team from the Institute of Archeology Russian Academy of Sciences has added considerably to the rock art collection from Northern Asia. There were identified more than 350 panels, they have been recorded. An innovative aspect of the research was the traceological program involving the study of petroglyphs' techniques and the material of the tools used for their pecking. By the result of the Pegtymel experiments the main diagnostic feature distinguishing pecking pits left by a stone punch tool from the iron tool traces was the quick change of the work area of a stone tool, the pecked traces showed a dynamic transformation from the sub-rounded or sub-quadrangular pits to the linear elongated ones. Another important feature of the use of stone tools was the wide entrance hole and the lack of sharp drops between the peaks and depressions. Comparison of the experimental stone tools reference materials with the rock art demonstrated that only a small part of the petroglyphs had comparable pecking.
К ВОПРОСУ О ХРОНОЛОГИИ И ПЕРИОДИЗАЦИИ НАСКАЛЬНЫХ ИЗОБРАЖЕНИЙ ОНЕЖСКОГО ОЗЕРА
ЛОБАНОВА Н.В. — 2014 г.
This article discusses the topic of interest connected with clarifying the age of the petroglyph of the Lake Onega. Based on the detailed analysis of the natural and cultural environment of the monuments, the author argues common chronological frames of the rock art. It is attempted to follow the stages of its development.
К ЮБИЛЕЮ МАРИНЫ ГЛЕБОВНЫ МОШКОВОЙ
КАЗАРЯН А.Ю. ЦЕРКОВНАЯ АРХИТЕКТУРА СТРАН ЗАКАВКАЗЬЯ VII ВЕКА: ФОРМИРОВАНИЕ И РАЗВИТИЕ ТРАДИЦИИ. М., 2012-2013
БЕЛЯЕВ Л.А. — 2014 г.
КЕРАМИКА ФЕДОРОВСКОЙ КУЛЬТУРЫ ПОСЕЛЕНИЯ КУРЬЯ 1 В НИЖНЕМ ПРИТОБОЛЬЕ
ИЛЮШИНА В.В. — 2014 г.
The article considers the results of the techno-technological analysis of the ceramics of Fedorovo culture of the settlement Kurya 1 in the Lower Tobol region. The research allows unraveling the traditions of selecting and preparing the basic plastic raw material, setting the moulding masses and constructing the vessels. The skills of potters in surface treatment, hardening and moisture permeability removing were revealed. Following the results of the comparative analysis of the pottery traditions of the settlement's citizens, their mixed characters in selecting the plastic raw material and composing the moulding masses have been discovered. The comparison of the data with the technological information about ceramics assemblages from the crossborder regions showed that at least a part of the Fedorovo culture citizens, particularly those that had the skills in selecting raw material with the naturally occurring impurities from the river clamshells and forming of the moulding mass with land waste, are considered to be aliens on the territory of the Lower Tobol region.
КЛАД № 17 ИЗ СТАРОЙ РЯЗАНИ
СТРИКАЛОВ И.Ю., ЧЕРНЕЦОВ А.В. — 2014 г.
The article is devoted to the first scientific publication of the archaeological find of 2013 - the hoard of jewelry on the territory of the site Staraya Ryazan. The article considers being preliminary and appeals to introduce the readers to the content of the hoard, its peculiarities and first hypothesis about the origin and ownership. The hoard, which was found during the field studies of the Staraya Ryazan expedition organized by the Institute of Archaeology of Russian Academy of Sciences (IA RAS) and Ryazan Historical and Architectural Museum-Reserve (RHAMR), belongs to the treasures that were hidden by the citizens of the Middle Age city during the Mongol-Tatar invasion in 1237. It has been pointed out by the archaeological context of the location of the find and the traditional set for such kind of complexes, as well as the technology, the style of jewelry including two necklaces made of silver beads with pendants and lockets, two pairs of kolts on silver ribbons, a headband with three-beaded semi rings and two twined bracelets decorated in the techniques of granulation, filigree and niello. However, in spite of the non-exceptional character of the hoard's content, it also contains some items making it unique against similar ones from Staraya Ryazan. This includes the set of nine stone crosses partially modeled with small metal settings at their ends and also raw materials and semi products for jewelry (such as matrices and unfinished works of non-ferrous metals) which allows us to suggest that the hidden items belonged to a jeweler. This fact is also pointed out by the hoard's location on the Northern fortified seltlement of Staraya Ryazan, the earliest part of the city, which became a trade quarter of Ryazan capital in the beginning of the 13 th c. The correlation between the hoard and a residential city manor will become the topic of the future studies.
КЛАССИФИКАЦИЯ ОРНАМЕНТОВ СЕМИЛОПАСТНЫХ ВИСОЧНЫХ КОЛЕЦ МОСКОВСКОГО ТИПА И ПРОБЛЕМА ИХ ЭТНИЧЕСКОЙ ИНТЕРПРЕТАЦИИ
КРЕНКЕ Н.А. — 2014 г.
The article gives a new classification of the ornaments on the seven-bladed Moscow type temple rings. Six chronological stages and three ornamental traditions have been pointed out. A suggestion has been made that the Moscow type rings have been developed from the beambladed rings with one bead of granulation at the end of dentils and beams. Another suggestion has been made that the development of the Moscow type rings is connected with the process of ethnic consolidation, which was taking place in Moscow region in 12 th-13 th centuries.
КЛЕЙН Л.С. ЭТНОГЕНЕЗ И АРХЕОЛОГИЯ. СПБ.: ЕВРАЗИЯ, 2013
ЯБЛОНСКИЙ Л.Т. — 2014 г.
КОРАЛЛЕНБЕРГЕ (ХВОЙНОЕ). СТРАТИГРАФИЯ И ХРОНОЛОГИЯ РАННЕСРЕДНЕВЕКОВОГО ПОСЕЛЕНИЯ В КАЛИНИНГРАДСКОЙ ОБЛАСТИ
КУЛАКОВ В.И. — 2014 г.
Two building horizons were elicited on the territory of 85 square meters in 2001, 2002 and 2008 in the course of the excavations in the south-west dune in the district Korallenberge (Kaliningrad region, Curonian Spit). The date of the low horizon, which consisted of the remains of the pillar building and pise floor, is fixed on the basis of the pottery material in the frames of the 10 th - the beginning of the 11 th c. Probably the find of the bone comb gives the much narrower frames of the existing and the death of the lower layer dated to about 950-1010 yy. The high horizon which includes the amber workroom and distinguishes by the minimization of the fragments of the moulded vessels is dated steadily to the pottery material and fibulas of 11 th c. - probably the first years of the 12 th c. The south-west dune Korallenberge is a unique settlement for the territory of Russia of the end of the Vikings' epoch and the beginning of the post-Vikings' time when the Kurshi, who were under the Scandinavian ethno-cultural influence, lived.
КОТЛЫ ТИПА “ТАХТИ-САНГИН-БАРМАШИНО”: К ПРОБЛЕМЕ ВЗАИМОПРОНИКНОВЕНИЯ ТРАДИЦИЙ МЕТАЛЛООБРАБОТКИ В ЦЕНТРАЛЬНОЙ АЗИИ
ДЕМИДЕНКО С.В. — 2014 г.
The author analyses a “type” of bronze cauldrons “Takhti-Sangin-Barmashino” and concludes that this “type” as a taxonomic unit does not exist as it consists of the examples that differ according both morphological and technological parameters. They are dated on the basis of the complex near the Lake Borovoe not earlier than the 6 th century. The usage of such “analogues” for reconstructing “casting forms” with Greek inscriptions from the settlement Takhti-Saka referring to the second half of the 1 st - the beginning of the 2 nd centuries AD, is incorrect. Simultaneously, the problem of the mutual interfering of the Greek, Chinese and Scythian- Saka traditions of the metalwork on the territory of Greece-Bactria in the epoch of Hellenism is considered premature.